The cost of a home can be measured in money, but the construction and operation of a house in relation to the environment, can have costs hardly measured.
More and more people are looking for ways to minimize both the environmental impact and economic costs, by equipping their homes with sustainable technology, resulting in the bloom of sustainable development to become a driving force to the new levels of architectural innovation. Based on this, Gizmag, concludes with ten remarkable sustainable homes.
The term "sustainability" is limited nowadays, but there is more than just adding some solar panels on the roof of an unsustainable building. True sustainability consists of several aspects: from construction materials made from renewable energy sources, claiming primacy to the efficiency and harmony with the surroundings. We believe that the following options meet many of these criteria.
The Waste House is a sustainable construction project also installed at the University of Brighton in the UK. As the name suggests, this house prototype is built almost exclusively from waste. About 90% of the materials used in the construction of Waste House from household waste and other structures, including 20,000 toothbrushes, 4.000 DVD cases, 2,000 diskettes and 2,000 worn carpets, which were used to "dress" the facade of house. Although no one really lives in this for the moment, the building is a remarkable achievement and demonstrates the philosophy of the organizer that "there is no waste, but things in the wrong place."
The Vietnamese architect Vo Trong Nghia have made some steps forward in the matter of providing practical, durable, and most importantly, cheap houses. The result is S House, a house of $ 4,000 which was constructed using local, easy-to-concentration materials such as palm leaves and bamboo. The interior of the S House is rudimentary and it measures just 30 square meters, with a large interior space. The building is prefabricated and can be disassembled into several small pieces for easy transport by local craftsmen. The architect Vo Trong Nghia, is still working on the design of the S House but the final plan is to incorporate it in the big market.
The architecture company Fougeron, in San Francisco, recently designed and built a very nice luxury house that assures that it will make the neighbours think "green". Located in Big Sur coast of California, and has copper façade that will assimilated over time, as it comes in contact with the sea air. Copper is also designed to provide a degree of fire protection. Besides the enviable appearance and the view of the two-storey Fall House has energy efficient windows and open design that encourages natural ventilation after opening the windows automatically and reduces the need for air conditioning. A recycling system of gray water is also installed.
ZEB Pilot House
The ZEB Pilot House, of the international architecture brand “Snøhetta” is a remarkable experimental house that is said can make the following remarkable: thanks to the incredible performance and abundant solar panels, said that can produce nearly three times the amount of electricity required – leaving enough excess for charging an EV, for example. To achieve this performance, Zeb Pilot House has the proverbial kitchen sink lasting technology, a large photovoltaic array, rainwater collection system, solar panels, as well as an efficient heat exchanger. Not bad that the house is also very beautiful. The performance of the ZEB Pilot House is currently under review to determine that the claims of energy efficiency is justified.
Whatever type of home you live in, chances, that its construction took longer than that to build the Pop-Up House than French architectural Multipod desk, and a group of manufacturers in just four days with tools just a screwdriver, is minimal. The company likens the construction process to building with Lego. The Pop-Up House is a prototype prefabricated house that Multipod company, aims to bring to market for around € 30,000. Thanks to the excellent insulation and airtight construction almost no heating is required for the house in southern France, which meets the very energy pattern of building passive.
Reported to be the first certified passive house in New York and Tighthouse represents an impressive energy-efficient renovation of an existing house over a hundred years. The architectural design office Fabrica718 added a new facade, a rooftop terrace, and an art studio for home. It has installed sustainable technology which includes two solar panels for hot water and photovoltaic panels, which reduce the power requirements of the network. Since the house is almost airtight, a highly efficient ventilation system with heat recovery (HRV) always provide plenty of fresh air.
As architects Vo Trong Nghia, such as Vietnamese company “H & P Architects”, produced a prototype home that will eventually get into mass production and will be sold to low-income people in Vietnam. However, this particular house is well protected from flooding. The Blooming Bamboo house standing on stilts and is designed to withstand the floods to 1,5 m in depth, although the architects of “H & P” hope to increase this depth to 3 m. The 44 square meter house, is built around a central frame made of bamboo, lined with local materials such as bamboo, fibreboard and coconut leaves. These houses will be constructed at a cost of just $ 2,500.
The Slip House, by architect Carl Turner, a model for affordable, sustainable family homes in the United Kingdom. Constructed between a number of houses in London, the residence is located in a deserted area, formerly used for industrial or commercial purposes. The unusual form consists of three rectangles. The Slip House has a rainwater collection cistern, solar panels, mechanical ventilation, triple glazing and a high level of insulation – that save up to 1092.73 kilograms of CO2 per year, according to the designers. The Carl Turner uses the house as a model for his research, hoping to improve his ideas for the production of affordable and sustainable family homes.
Students from the University of Wollongong in Australia, took a typical Australian house «fibro» and retrofit a home with sustainable technology to transform energy-famous home into a house of zero energy needs. The project «Illawarra Flame» includes a lengthy renovation process, such as converting a bedroom into living room and installation of prefabricated pods, contain amenities such as laundry and bathroom. Sustainable additions include a roof system 9,4-KW-based with solar panels, rainwater collection systems and gray water recycling, energy-efficient LED lighting, a building management system that offers very good control and information on all appliances and the stored energy.
Renowned French designer and architect Philippe Starck, has recently collaborated with the Slovenian company “Riko” on prefabricated houses to bring out a new line of high-end prefabricated houses called Prefabricated Accessible Technological Homes (P.A.T.H.). Apart from the many shapes and sizes, PATH homes may support an outer shell of glass, combination of glass and wood or a complete wooden shell. Optional viable technology includes a roof that is based on solar panels, ceiling turbine and a rainwater collection and filtration system.